Statement by H.E. Ambassador SHINO Mitsuko, Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations, at the Security Council Briefing on “Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional and Subregional Organizations”

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October 12, 2023

I would like to thank SRSG Onanga-Anyanga, Ms. Mohammed, Permanent Observer of the African Union to the UN, and Dr. Dersso, Managing Director, Amani Africa, for their briefings.

Let me start by expressing our deep gratitude to the AU Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) for their hospitality during our trip to Addis Ababa last week. African files carry substantial weight in the work of the Security Council. The joint annual consultation gave us an opportunity to explore how we should jointly address pressing issues of common concerns. The swift adoption of the joint communique is an illustration of our solidarity and common understanding under a shared set of goals.

As all of us highlighted in the meeting, the demand for a strong UN-AU partnership continues to grow in order to tackle Africa’s challenges more effectively. Close coordination is required between the two organs across the full spectrum of conflicts.  For that, an increased emphasis on prevention efforts is important as proposed in “A New Agenda for Peace”. We welcome regular technical-level contact between the two secretariats on country and thematic files including a horizon-scanning exercise for conflict prevention.

The Ad Hoc Working Group on Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Africa is a window into our close coordination efforts with the AUPSC. It should be a platform to follow up on our common understanding articulated in the joint communique including working methods. More structured monthly coordination between the President of the UNSC and the Chair of the AUPSC should greatly contribute to facilitating further dialogue and cooperation between the two councils. Japan is willing to contribute to crystalizing this point by updating related documents.

Mr. President,

We appreciate regional peace initiatives with a strong sense of ownership to prevent, mediate and settle conflicts on the African continent.  A strong understanding of the unique circumstances of each situation in Africa, and an approach that is crafted accordingly, should be a comparative advantage of the AU and its Peace Support Operations (AUPSOs).

Last week, we again underscored the importance of predictable, sustainable, and flexible financing for AUPSOs through AU and UN contributions. As stated at the Council meeting in May, Japan, in principle, supports the establishment of a mechanism through which AUPSOs authorized by the Security Council  under Chapter VIII of the Charter could be partly financed through UN assessed contributions, on a case-by-case basis. Japan remains committed to further consultations with all stakeholders in this regard.

Africa continues to suffer from human security crises caused by multiple factors. Close partnerships between the UN and regional entities are essential. Japan continues to play its part to support international and regional efforts for peace and security in Africa.

I thank you.

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