Statement by Ambassador Amar Bendjama, Permanent Representative of Algeria, on Behalf of the A3+, at the UN Security Council Meeting on the Central African Region

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June 10, 2024

The representative of Algeria, also speaking for Guyana, Mozambique and Sierra Leone, said that Central Africa “finds itself at a crossroads, grappling with a series of complex, interconnected challenges” that include armed conflict, transnational crime and maritime insecurity.  Nevertheless, he welcomed continued regional and subregional efforts to address these through ongoing peace talks, disarmament programmes and political transition processes.  While noting the “positive dynamic” at the political level in several regional countries, he expressed concern over Boko Haram-related security incidents and called on all regional stakeholders to urgently address the group’s increased attacks in the Lake Chad Basin — as well was the underlying causes of violence and extremism.  He also expressed concern over the increased use of improvised explosive devices by terrorist groups in the region, urging strengthened cross-border cooperation between States “in the region and beyond” in this context.

“Maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea remains a pressing concern,” he went on to say, calling on all security actors present in this area to work together to end the piracy, armed robbery and other illicit activities threatening regional stability and economic development.  Emphasizing that the region remains one of those most vulnerable to the consequences of climate disruption, he said that recurring floods, longer droughts and the historic shrinking of Lake Chad “are perfect illustrations in that regard”.  And, noting the other pressing challenges in a region where “decades of conflict have left deep scars”, he urged the international community to play a greater role — “particularly in transformative economic recovery”.  This includes investing in sustainable development in Central Africa — particularly in education and health care — and he also urged that, while the region “has the potential for prosperity”, the persistent fragility of peace and security there necessitates continued support from the United Nations.

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